NPH is a disorder that involved the impaired reabsorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The problem starts slowly and can involve problems with memory, walking, and ability to control urination. These three key components are not always all present in every patient. The diagnosis of NPH is made first by identifying these symptoms and usually ordering scans. A CT scan or MRI of the brain is usually ordered to make sure no other problems are present. Other disorders can sometimes look like NPH. The most important to distinguish are Alzheimer’s Disease. Others to consider are blood clots, brain tumors, and metabolic disorders. The MRI usually shows the fluid collecting spaces of the brain are enlarged with CSF. With the help of a team of experienced clinicians, a lumbar puncture or drain placement may be ordered. Working together, neurologists and neurosurgeons help determine if the diagnosis is NPH, and then if the.
The prospect of having spinal surgery can be a distressing. Surgery can be complicated. Beyond physical and emotional preparation, there’s the physical and emotional response to the surgery itself, whether it be minimally invasive discectomy or more complex procedures.. Spinal surgery can be difficult not only for the patients but also their families. If you or a family member has plans to pursue spinal surgery, make sure to take the time to research and prepare for the experience. There is information to know about the treatment, expectation after surgery, and the recover process. As a family member, you may be an important part of the process. Here are a few basic starting points for those non-patients looking to educate themselves on the process: 1) The internet can be a useful resource when doing the due diligence before surgery. If you are unsure where to start when concerned about surgery preparation,.
By: Young Sang Lee Degenerative disc disease describes the changes that occur within an individual’s spinal discs with aging. Spinal discs act as cushions for the spine, allowing it to twist, bend and move without compromising the nearby critical nervous structures. As a person ages, the spinal discs (most often in the neck and lower back areas may dehydrate, forming cracks and annular tears. The cushioning fluid inside the disc disappears and the spine loses its flexibility. The body tries to compensate for it by thickening the surrounding ligaments and forming new bony bridge to try to stability the spine. This can cause a variety of spinal issues, including bulging and herniated discs, osteoarthritis and spinal stenosis. Based on a number of factors, these issues may be treated by physical therapy, spinal injections, or eventually surgery. Commonly, surgery often involves removal of the compressive anatomy while trying to preserve the.
Meningiomas are mostly benign tumors that are seen in nearly every part of the nervous system. The tumors originate from stem cells, called arachnoid cap cells. Though generally benign. meningiomas can enlarge, be aggressive, and even invade the surrounding tissues. Most patients harbor meningiomas that are found incidentally by their doctors. These tumors often need to be only followed by serial MRI scans. When meningiomas of the brain do enlarge, they can cause symptoms. The majority of these is headache. But, other symptoms may be seen like progressive weakness, seizures, personality changes, nausea/vomiting, or changes in vision. Risk factors for these tumors can be caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to radiation such as x-rays, genetic syndromes, and having received radiation to the brain for other lesions. When detected, meningiomas are usually observed if they do not cause any symptoms. If necessary, they can be treated through surgical.
By: Young Sang Lee An astrocytoma is a highly-vascular brain tumor that forms from transformation of the glial cells – support cells that protect neurons in your nervous system – and is indicated by vomiting, seizures, headaches and nausea. These tumors categorized by the type of cell, grade and location, and they are known to range from benign to very aggressive tumors that are difficult to treat. Gliomas are a type of tumor derived from the helper cells of the nervous system, glia. Multimodal treatment for gliomas is available, including surgery, chemotherapy (sometimes in the form of pills) and radiation therapy. A combination of different treatments is used on almost every patient with a glioma with varied results. It takes an expert panel of experts, including a neurosurgeon, medical oncologist (tumor specialist), and radiation oncologist (for radiation treatments), as well as therapists, and a support system for both the patient.
Neurological diseases are complex and often devastating physical disorders. However, thanks to modern neurosurgery, individuals affected by such illnesses can be helped. Patients with congenital CNS disorders, epilepsy, or brain trauma have a chance at a normal life through neurosurgical procedures.
Spinal issues and disorders are painful and, oftentimes, debilitating. Luckily, most of these issues can be treated with the help of a licensed health professional. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it’s important to schedule an appointment with your spinal care provider as soon as possible. One of the most commonly experienced symptoms of a spinal disorder is lower back pain after activity. Whether you are experiencing a dull ache or sharp muscle spasms, back pain isn’t normal. Many people who suffer from spinal disorders report feeling more pain following sudden movements or lifting heavy objects. This pain could also spread to your upper back or buttock area. It’s also wise to see a spinal specialist if you are experiencing back pain that shoots down the leg area. Sciatica is a spinal disorder that causes sharp and severe muscle spasms from your lower back all the way.