Common Brain Disorders

As the brain is likely the most important part of the body, it is critical to understand common brain disorders, symptoms, and risks before visiting a top spine surgeon or neurosurgeon.

If you are experiencing headaches, uncommon seizures, problems with memory, vomiting or nausea, confusion, or changes in standard behavior, you may have a brain disorder. Common causes of brain disorder include any kind of trauma to the brain, growth of a tumor, stroke, hereditary disorders, infections, or a change in neural pathways. Those at risk for brain disorders include victims of a strike, anyone who has received blunt trauma to the head, a stoppage in breathing, smoking, hereditary factors, or a viral infection that may cause swelling in the brain. If you suspect you may have a brain disorder, immediately contact a neurosurgeon for further information or diagnosis. Methods of diagnosis include CT scans, PET scans, or MRIs

Brain Injury

This is usually a result of blunt trauma that damages tissues, and can alter neural transmissions if a series of neurons are damaged.

Brain Tumors

An abnormal growth in the brain, or tumor, can prevent proper blood circulation in the brain, or apply pressure on certain areas of the brain, resulting in a possible change of behavior. A brain tumor can be cancerous, or benign.

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain’s ventricles, or cavities. It occurs if the normal flow of CSF throughout the brain and spinal cord is blocked in some way. This causes the ventricles to enlarge, putting pressure on the brain.


Is the interruption of the brain’s normal functioning. It is due to a traumatic event such as a head injury or being struck. You may have headaches, double vision, nausea, vomiting, or trouble thinking. After the concussion, you may feel tired, woozy, confused, or not yourself. These symptoms are usually self-limited. If encountered during sports, the athlete needs to stop play immediately. A physician knowledgeable in concussion treatment should supervise returning to play or activity.